The Yeti Files: Monsters on the Run by Kevin Sherry, 124 pp, RL 2.0

Last year I gleefully reviewed The Yeti Files: Meet the Bigfeet by Kevin Sherry. I am so thrilled to be reviewing Monsters on the Run, the second book in what I hope is a long running series about all kinds of cryptids!

Besides the fact that The Yeti Files: Meet the Bigfeet taught me the word "cryptid," which I work into conversations whenever I can now, I adore this book for its humor, creativity, generous illustrations, and easy readability. The Yeti Files is definitely a high interest for lower reading levels and it allows me to hook so many different kids, from struggling readers to disinterested readers to picky readers. As a librarian at a school where more than a third of students are not reading at grade level, I adore a book like The Yeti Files.

In the first book, we were introduced to narrator Blizz Richards, yeti and a cryptozoologist who works to keep cryptids safe and hidden. We get to see his lair, which is supercool, and learn more about cryptids. In the first book, Blizz helps his cousin Brian Bigfoot, who has abandoned his AMAZING tree house compound after the bumbling cryptozoologist George Vanquist photographs Brian and splashes it all over the front page of the papers. 

In Monsters on the Run (for which I have no interior images - these are all from book 1) Blizz gets a distress letter from Nessie, the Loch Ness Monster. Nessie is lonely, and after trekking to Scotland on a bicycle built for three (Blizz's preferred form of transportation, the unicorn Jack Saturday, is busy competing in the Rings of Alicornia playoffs) Blizz and the gang see why. The loch is filled with a tussle of turtles, a frolic of frogs, a summer school of fish "dumb old boat parts," and seaweed for miles.

Alex, Blizz's elfin assistant, discovers that Nessie is actually a plesiosaur and, with the help of his buddy, leprechaun Tobin Clover, living just across the water in Ireland, they will find a friend for Nessie. Sherry is a master of diagrams, cutaways and ancient maps and his illustrations always delight. Tobin's underground home is almost as cool as Bizz's lair. Using the strands of the rainbow and his pot (for gold?) Tobin travels through time and saves beautiful art and artifacts that are about to be destroyed. He agrees to take the gang back to the prehistoric ages to find a friend for Nessie but things don't go quite as planned and the cryptids find themselves in a whole heap of danger.

Sherry sets up book three at the end of Monsters on the Run when an urgent call comes across the Cryptotron from Atlantis. It looks like the Kraken is returning...

Source: Review Copy


The Marvels by Brian Selznick, 672 pp. RL 4

Books like The Marvels by Brian Selznick are why I read and books like The Marvels what keep me reading, in the hopes of recreating the magical experience of being completely immersed in another world, another time. If you have read The Invention of Hugo Cabret then you know the special gift and pleasure you are in for when you hold this gorgeous 672 page tome in your hands and prepare to begin turning pages, which you may do quickly at first. The first half of the book, almost 400 pages, is comprised of illustrations, all two page spreads. I found myself lulled into a mesmeric rhythm as I scanned an illustration with my eyes then slid my hand across it to turn the page, taking in the images, piecing together the images and making sense of the story that was unfolding before me. The book trailer, made by Selznick, gives you a good taste of what you are in for when you open the covers of The Marvels

Be sure to read to the end of this review where there is another clip showing the making of the trailer. Selznick truly is a Renaissance man.

Set in 1766, the illustrations tell the story of a young stowaway, Billy, his dog Tar and his beloved older brother Marcus, at sea on an American whaling ship named the Kraken. They are performing a play for the crew when a storm strikes. Marcus does not survive, but Billy (and Tar) makes his way to London and finds himself taken in by the a construction crew, made up mostly of sailors, who are building a theater. After telling his story to the artist in residence, an image of Marcus, angel's wings on his back, is painted on the ceiling of the theater. The Royal Theater becomes Billy's home and Billy, who takes the last name Marvel, becomes a father when an infant is left at the backdoor of the theater. This redheaded boy, named after Billy's brother, goes on to marry and, with his wife, become theater royalty. Their son, becomes even more famous, in part for his wild, impetuous personality on and off stage. In turn, Alexander's son Oberon, named after Alexander's greatest role, marries and has a son he names Leontes, after his greatest part, playing King Lenotes in A Winter's Tale. Leontes, however, has no taste for the theater and is a disappointment to his parents. As the 1766 portion of The Marvels draws to a close, Leo discovers his grandfather living secretly in the bowels of the theater and also finds the courage to follow his heart and head out to sea. As he waits at the dock to set sail, he sees flames and smoke. The Royal is on fire. Leo rushes in to save his grandfather. Then the page goes blank.

After this visual pause, we learn that it is now 1990. Joseph Jervis has run away from the boarding school rather than spend the holidays alone there while his parents are on a cruise. He is also mourning the absence of his best friend and fellow avid reader, Blink, who ran away from school weeks before. Joseph heads to London to find and uncle he has never met in the hopes that he might also find a home. What he finds, while peering in at a window late one snowy night, is a magnificent mansion where a party seems to have just ended. The room is lit only by a blazing fire and the gentle glow of candles. There is food on the plates and napkins thrown aside. There is a painting on the wall of an old whaling ship with the name Kraken painted on its prow.

With Joseph and his uncle, Albert Nightingale, Selznick works more magic, this time with the words of his story rather than the power of his illustrations. There are secrets, surprises and heartbreak woven into the story of Joseph and Albert and loved ones lost. Ransom Riggs, author of the trilogy of books known as Miss Peregrine's Peculiar Children, YA novels that use vintage found photographs to help tell the story, has written a review of The Marvels for the New York Times. Ending his review, Riggs notes that, "Fiction isn't false, but a container of encrypted truths: autobiographical one, sometimes, and in very good stories, emotional and universal ones too - the sort of truth facts aren't much good at reaching. Fiction is often better at telling the truth than facts, and that's the marvel of it. You either see it or you don't." 

The final sentence of Rigg's excellent review repeats an important line from The Marvels that Joseph first notices, in Latin, engraved on the lid of a silver matchbox, is, according to Albert, the house motto. "You either see it or your don't," speaks to so many layers of the second part of The Marvels, from the inexplicably antiquated state of Albert's house, the absent family who has always just left it and Albert's lost beloved. What I, as an adult, could see as I read The Marvels, and what Joseph comes to see as Albert finally shares the details of his life and the creation of the house with him, is the underlying tragedy of AIDS. For me, the motto, "You either see it or you don't," also reminds me of the way that so much of society for so many decades chose not to see, not to recognize the possibility of, love and commitment between two men or two women. Seen but not seen, not seeing seemed to be a choice on the part of so many of us, the way Joseph's mother Sylvia, chose not to see her brother Albert. I'm not sure what young readers will gather from the story, but I am sure that the stories told in The Marvels will stay with young readers well into adulthood, resonating and taking on deeper meaning.

And, deeper meaning is a powerful part of The Marvels. I chose to read The Marvels with a clean slate - I avoided all reviews and other information about the book because I wanted to dive into it completely. I'm happy I did, because, after finishing the final, illustrated pages of the story, the afterword sucked me in again. As with the French filmmaker George Méliès, a major character in The Invention of Hugo CabretThe Marvels is also inspired and influenced by a real person, his contributions to art, history and society and the people who helped support this endeavor. Albert Nightingale is the fictional version of Dennis Severs, an American (who, knock my socks off, grew up in Escondido, CA, the same hot, dusty little town I have lived in for 23 years!) with a passion for Victorian England. Arriving in the late 1960s, Severs began giving horse and buggy tours of the city that became popular enough to allow him purchase 18 Folgate Street in Spitalfields, London in 1979. Selznick uses this address for Albert's house, as well as many details of the real Dennis Severs House, the most visited museum in London. Severs created a fictional family, the Jervises, who had been living in the house for centuries. In his obituary of Dennis Severs for the Guardian, Gavin Stamp calls Severs, who died in 2000 after long being HIV positive, the "Curator of a three-dimensional historical novel, written in brick and candlelight in Spitalfields." Knowing this about The Marvels, having it framed in this way after living in the story as I read it, makes it all the more meaningful and significant to me.

Source: Purchased


The Bear's Surprise by Benjamin Chaud

I have reviewed quite a few of books illustrated and written and illustrated by Benjamin Chaud now. For an overview of many of his books (those published in the US) check out my review of The Bear's Sea Escape. The Bear's Surprise is the third adventure in the life of this father and son pair of bears and it has quite a few revelations!

 First off, there are superb cut-outs on every page that show us where Little Bear, who is looking for his father for a change, is coming from and where he is going to in The Bear's Surprise. One page turn takes Little Bear from a pipe and out through the door of a washing machine! As always, close reading is rewarded with a trove of tiny details. From Alice falling down a rabbit hole, the White Rabbit and his pocket watch not far behind, to a wooly mammoth, cave folks curled up beside him.

Little Bear follows the trail and finds himself outside a tent, then inside and center stage where he sees Papa Bear shooting through the air on a tiny bicycle, headed toward a flaming ring of fire. One act leads to another, but Little Bear gets his biggest surprise when he comes upon Mama Bear holding something very special in her paws...

Benjamin Chaud's illustration style is generously detailed and completely charming. His colors are elegant and out of the ordinary in a picture book. And, best of all, his sense of humor shines through on every page.

 The first two Bear Books:

Source: Review Copy

Bike On, Bear! by Cynthea Liu, illustrated by Kristyna Litten

Bike On, Bear! written by Cynthea Liu and charmingly illustrated by Kristyna Litten is a fantastic new book about the childhood milestone of learning to ride a bike. And as a former bookseller, I can tell you  that there just aren't enough good picture books about this important event in almost every kid's life. 

Bear has a very hairy problem. He is smart, flexible and industrious. He does gymnastics, participates in the science fair and is there for his friends whenever they need him. Despite all this, Bear just can't learn to ride a bike! Not even a bike with training wheels! When a new park opens up with superb new bike paths that DO NOT allow training wheels, Bear knows he needs to try something new. 

Bear's very wise mother suggests that he visit the library to find a book on how to ride a bike. He follows all four steps, especially the fourth, "Don't think about it too much," but he still has no joy. Bear's inability to learn to ride a bike eventually begins to affect other areas of his life and he is on the verge of giving up. That is, until he is passing the brand new park on a very blustery day and hears cries for help. Bear's brain kicks in, runs some calculations, and he hops on a nearby bike, his body doing what it needs to do! Success is his, in more ways than one.

Bike On, Bear! takes a common challenge and weaves a great story around it. Litten's illustrations are rich with cool blues and bright yellows and filled with soft, rounded animals that will appeal to audience members who are just of the age to learn to ride a bike. Best of all, Liu tucks in that twist at the end of a picture book that I always love! After bike riding success and accolades all around, the narrator tells readers that "Bear could do practically anything." A page turn reveals the words, "Except maybe . . ." and the illustration shows Bear in a boat out on a lake, pawing the waters, his friends swimming all around him.

Source: Review Copy


Two Mice by Sergio Ruzzier

Sergio Ruzzier's new book, Two Mice, is set in the same geographical landscape as some of his other books that I have reviewed and loved, including A Letter For Leo Whose Shoe?Two Mice is a deceptively simple, pleasantly clever book that begs to be read over and over.

Two Mice begins (before the title page) with the words, "One house," and an illustration that shows the house from the outside. Inside, two mice are waking up. In the kitchen they find three cookies and a bit of friction. With minimal text - and a very fun counting pattern - Ruzzier takes these mice on an adventure that takes them far from home, then back again. The text encourages readers to pay close attention to the illustrations, which you will want to do anyway. The colors are gentle, but the sky and water can be anything from yellow to orange to red, depending on the page. And, like the text, Ruzzier's illustrations can seem simple, and the trim size of Two Mice is charmingly small, but they are rich with little details, especially when the mice are at home. From the drawer pulls to the tiled floor to the drainpipe on the outside of the house, there is much for the eye to take in.

Kirkus ended their review of Two Mice so perfectly I have to repeat it here: "One story. Two mice. Three cheers. Lots to love."

More books by Sergio Ruzzier:

Source: Review Copy

Where's the Pair? A Spotting Book by Britta Teckentrup

I love everything that Britta Teckentrup and every thing that Big Picture Press does and I love that they are working together. Both Teckentrup and Big Picture Press have superb design values making for beautiful books that are perfect for gift giving. With Where's the Pair? A Spotting Book, Teckentrup follows up on The Odd One Out: A Spotting Book, with two rhyming stanzas that tell readers what to spot. 

Teckentrup's illustration style is crisp and playful and her palette sophisticated. She uses colors you would want to do your house in, but that also work perfectly in a picture book. There are the expected animals, like cats, dogs and frogs, and then there are the yaks, otters, toucans and dragonflies.

Teckentrup does not make it easy to spot the pairs, either, which makes Where's the Pair? A Spotting Book fun for parents and kids. And her rhymes are wonderful! "A romp of otters gathers to play, diving and swimming and splashing all day. Now it's time to nibble on their favorite dish! Which matching otters have each caught a fish!" Where's the Pair? A Spotting Book is a must have, along with all of Teckentrups books!

More books by Britta!

Source: Review Copy


Sunny Side Up by Jennifer and Matthew Holm, 217 pp, RL 4

Sunny Side Up by Jennifer L. Holm and Matthew Holm is a magnificent semi-autobiographical graphic  novel that can stand next to the works of Raina Telgemeier and Newbery Honor winner, Cece Bell, author of El Deafo. Based on book sales and the check out rate of these titles in my school library, girls and boys are hungry for graphic novels like Smile, Drama and Sisters that tell the stories of real kids facing real challenges. And, while it feels like it's happening at a slow pace and I can count the number of quality autobiographic graphic novels on one hand since Smile came out in 2010, (Roller Girl came out this year, This One Summer, the year before) this genre is gaining popularity and the additions to it are fantastic.

Jennifer L. and Matthew Holm are the sibling team who created the excellent, adventurous, sometimes silly Babymouse and Squish series of graphic novels, but with Sunny Side Up the Holms take on difficult sibling relationships, familial bonds, drug abuse, senior citizens and the bicentennial with a superb clarity and sensitivity. It's August, 1976 and Sunny (short for Sunshine) is getting off a plane in Florida where she will spend the rest of the summer with her grandfather in his retirement community. As Sunny's days at Pine Palms unfold, flashbacks reveal the events that led her to her grandfather's apartment rather than a vacation at the beach with her best friend. I was eight in 1976 and I had a colonial girl costume that I wore, although maybe not as much as Tina Fey. I also have memories of the long, hot days of summer that stretched out ahead of you with a comfortable emptiness and memories of running around with packs of kids and benevolent neglect on the part of the pre-helicopter parents. These are things that the Holms convey in Sunny Side Up, through story and illustrations. Sunny's time with her Gramps is, after some adjustment, deliciously empty. Big plans for Gramps mean a trip to the post office or the grocery store. Not in the same day. One exciting outing has Gramps and friends taking Sunny to Morrison's Cafeteria for the early bird special.

Interspersed with Sunny's summer in Florida, where she meets Buzz, who has a passion for comics - the Swamp Thing becomes their favorite - and a stable, loving family and home life, are flashbacks, scenes with her beloved older brother. Dale, who has a substance abuse problem that makes him fun to be around at first (he takes Sunny to a parking lot where he teaches her to do donuts) and eventually a danger to himself and Sunny, whom he inadvertently hurts. Compared to Florida, Sunny's time in Pennsylvania is dense in action and illustration, and balanced perfectly with her time in Florida.

By the end of Sunny Side Up, Sunny has finally made it to Disneyworld and is returning to a home that somehow feels like it will be a better place. Tactfully, gently, Gramps explains to her that Dale needs all of her parents' attention and that is why she is with him. As she heads home, her treasures from Florida in her arms, it is clear that time with Gramps is just what she needed. Sunny Side Up is perfect and I can't wait to get it into the hands of my students, many of whom have parents and older siblings dealing with the same issues.

Source: Purchased


Have You Seen My Monster? by Steve Light

Have You Seen My Monster is the charming follow-up to last year's Have You Seen My Dragon? by the very creative Steve Light in which a little boy traipses through the black and white city looking for his green dragon. As the boy counts things while dragon hunting, the objects he counts pop out in bright colors. Have You Seen My Monster follows a similar pattern and, while I thought the dragon from the last book was a treat, Light's cheerful monster is downright cuddly. And, like the first book, the endpapers serve as a fantastic map of all the places visited in each book.

Have You Seen My Monster is set at a county fair with a little girl looking for her friend and finding an array of shapes as she hunts.

As she hunts for her monster high and low, from carousel to pie contest to fun house, a box in the upper right hand corner of each page names a shape that is also the only spot of color in each illustration.

Light brings a fantastic selection of shapes to Have You Seen My Monster as well. Along with all the shapes we would expect to see is a trapezium (found on a tractor) and a parallelogram, a curvilinear triangle and a heptagon. And, of course, Light includes the nonagon. As the book comes to a close, the little girl finds her monster hanging out with the stuffed prizes at a game booth. The two leave the fair, hand in paw, as the crescent moon hangs in the sky!

Source: Review Copy 

If I Had a Triceratops by George O'Connor

If I Had a Triceratops is the follow-up to George O'Connor's  If I Had a Raptor and it will make you smile from start to finish when you read it out loud to your dinosaur loving little ones. If I Had a Triceratops follow the same pattern as If I Had a Raptor, with the little narrator picking out his pet and detailing all the things he would do with her.

 The giant-pet-for-little-kid premise is a classic by now, by O'Connor makes it entirely entertaining with his cheerful illustrations and dedicated and loving pet owner.

From poop patrol to beds to baths, this little owner has it all figured out. Readers will enjoy hearing how he will love his triceratops while watching her wreak havoc left and right. My favorite illustration comes when she gets a bath and shakes the water off, monsoon style. Even the narrator realizes that having a pet is a lot of work, but, as he says near the end of If I Had a Triceratops, "It will all be worth it when she runs out to greet me at the end of the day."

Source: Review Copy


Francine Poulet Meets the Ghost Racoon by Kate DiCamillo, illustrated by Chris Van Dusen, 112 pp, RL 2

It's taken me a while to warm up to Kate DiCamillo, and I still haven't read her most popular books, Because of Winn Dixie and The Tale of Despereaux. But I do like her weird sense of humor and the curious characters she created in books like the Mercy Watson series, which I reviewed here in 2010. The Bink & Gollie trilogy, which she created with Alison McGhee and Tony Fucile, as an absolute winner for emerging readers not quite ready for Mercy Watson. And now, happily, readers who are ready for something a little meatier (no pun intended) that Mercy Watson can dig into the Tales of Deckawoo Drive, which finds minor characters from the Mercy Watson books getting longer stories of their own! Last year, the first book in the series, Leroy Ninker Saddles Up, found the hapless thief from Mercy Watson Fights Crime taking on a new adventure - becoming a horse owner to complete his cowboy dreams. Now, we find the animal control expert who first appeared in Mercy Watson Thinks Like a Pig taking on a new challenge in Francine Poulet Meets the Ghost Raccoon!

Francine Poulet comes from a long line of animal control officers. Her grandmother Nanette Poulet was even an animal control officer! And she has won forty-seven trophies for her work. She also happens to be the Gizzford County record holder for the most animals controlled. She even faced down a bear once. Then Francine gets a strange call from Mrs. Bissinger, who ends every utterance with the sentence, "And so on." It seems that there is a raccoon on her roof. A raccoon that shimmers and screams her name (Tammy) like a banshee. Maybe this is a ghost raccoon? Whatever it is, it shakes Francine's confidence when she is up on the roof, nose to nose with it and it seems to be screaming HER name!

Francine's body and ego are badly bruised and very broken by her fall off the roof - despite her assurances that she is "solid as a refrigerator." How Francine heals - physically and emotionally - and how she comes to believe that she is indeed the "genuine article" when it comes to excellence in animal control take up the rest of the story, which culminates with a visit to the roof of the Lincoln sisters's house and later buttered toast and tea at the home of the Watsons.

With Francine Poulet Meets the Ghost Raccoon and Leroy Ninker Saddles Up DiCamillo has written stories that seem a little silly and ridiculous at first but are deep with underlying themes of self knowledge, working hard for what you want - even if you have no idea what to do when you get it - and challenges to confidence. These books are inhabited by complex characters who are as thoughtful as they are laughable and ultimately inspiring. These are characters you will want to return to. You might even find yourself reading the Mercy Watson series again! 

Source: Review Copy


Digby O'Day and the Great Diamond Robbery by Shirley Hughes and Clara Vulliamy,

Last year I was completely smitten by Digby O'Day: In the Fast Lane by the mother and daughter team of Shirley Hughes, a grand dame of children's literature in the UK, and the equally talented Clara Vulliamy. In the first book, we met Digby, who loves nothing more than to drive his beloved (but old) car with his pal Percy in the passenger's seat. We even find out what Digby's favorite color and favorite biscuit are. We also see Digby and Percy compete in the all day race from the village of Didsworth to the village of Dodsworth. The only thorn in Digby's side is his neighbor, Lou Ella, who buys a new pink car every year and flaunts it.

In Digby O'Day and the Great Diamond Robbery, the friends are trying to vacation at the seaside in the Hotel Splendide, but the arrival of pop star Peaches Meow and her entourage makes that challenging.

While walking along the jetty to get away from the commotion back at the hotel, Digby and Percy see a man struggling in the waves. They risk their lives to rescue him and he rewards them kindly. Mr. Canteloe, the man they rescued, lives just across the bay and invites the friends to lunch. Afterward, he shows them around his house, including a secret passage to a cave in the cliffs that was once used by smugglers. When Peaches Meow's diamond necklace goes missing, Digby has an idea of where he might find it...

As with Digby O'Day: In the Fast LaneDigby O'Day and the Great Diamond Robbery ends just like it began - with all sorts of extra goodies. Meet the Authors, a mysterious maze and a Digby O'Day quiz will entertain readers further. As a bonus, readers get to read the first chapter of the next book in the series, Digby O'Day: Up, Up and Away!! 

Clara Vulliamy does not limit her talents to creating books - she also makes felted dolls! Last summer she took Dixie (as he is called in the UK) and Percy to the seaside. Be sure to visit the Dixie O'Day website for more creativity and activities. Clara has recently creatd a felted tapir named Bambang who recently took a stroll through a model town! I hope there is a book about Bambang in the works because I love tapirs and have never seen a kid's book with one as the main character!!

Source: Review Copy


Mrs. Noodlekugel and Four Blind Mice AND Mrs. Noodlekugel and Drooly Bear by Daniel Pinkwater, illustrated by Adam Stower, 89 pp, RL 1.5

Way back in 2012, I reviewed the first in a new series of books that I was VERY excited about, Mrs. Noodlekugel, written by Daniel Pinkwater and illustrated by Adam Stower. Book three, Mrs. Noodlekugel and the Drooly Bear came out earlier this year and it seemed like the perfect time to call this series to your attention again or for the first time!

Mrs. Noodlekugel is could be Mrs. Piggle-Wiggle's sister and Dr. Doolittle's distant cousin. She lives in a little, hidden cottage which can be reached by way of the boiler room of the high rise apartment building siblings Nick and Maxine have moved into. Mrs. Noodlekugel shares her abode with Mr. Fuzzface, a talking cat who did not speak a word of English when she met  him while working on the railroad, and the Four Farsighted Mice. Nick and Maxine are thrilled to learn that Mrs. Noodlekugel will be their occasional babysitter.

In book 2, Mrs. Noodlekugel and Four Blind Mice, Mrs. Noodlekugel so tired of cleaning up the crumbs, she decides it's time to get the mice fitted out with glasses. Nick and Maxine join the crew for the bus ride downtown. The mice travel on Mrs. Noodlekugel's fancy hat, seatbelted in by elastic bands, and Mr. Fuzzface, with much protestation, rides in a cat carrier. During the bus ride, Mr. Fuzzface tells the children about his career as a railroad cat, following in the footsteps of his father, Oldface. Sadly, Oldface disappeared one night, leaving Momface to raise seven kittens all by herself! The mice get their glasses and the troupe decides to refuel at Dirty Sally's Lunchroom where they are waited on by a monkey with signs. The mice overeat and, in a sugar rush, run out of the diner leaving rest to chase after them. They find them in an alley with a crusty old cat who speaks strangely. Could he be Oldface?

Mrs. Noodlekugel and the Drooly Bear Nick and Maxine get to spend the night at Mrs. Noodlekugel's when their father has to travel to compete in a speed-knitting competition. In the morning, they are surprised to meet the long-lost at sea Captain Noodlekugle. With the Captain comes a bear named Drooly that he is training for the circus. The only problem is that Drooly seems to topple over and fall fast asleep anytime the Captain tries to teach him something. When Drooly goes missing, it's all hands on deck to find the lumbering bear! Pinkwater ends this third book with Maxine saying, "It is interesting staying with Mrs. Noodlekugel, " to which Nick replies, "Yes, it is. I wonder what will happen tomorrow?" And I wonder what will happen in Book 4?

Source: Review Copies